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雅思口语考试形式和题型详解,教你快速提分!
更新日期:18-05-05
雅思口语的考试形式是考生与考官一对一沟通互动。口语考试通常分为三部分,考生可以把握各部分不同的考查形式来全面展现自己的口语能力。雅思口语考试全程录音,该录音也可作为考生对成绩不满时复议口语成绩的参考资料。

考试时间:考前一周至考后一周的任意一天; 
 
考试时长:11-14分钟;

评分方式:雅思口语评分主要从四项来考察考生的水平。第一项Fluency & coherence流利度和连贯性,第二项Lexical Resource词汇资源,第三项Grammatical Use语法的应用和准确度,第四项Pronunciation发音。评分时考官还会考虑考生全程的综合表现;
 
考试形式:

考试分为三部分

第一部分,考官会问一些关于你个人信息的问题或者一些你熟悉的话题;

第二部分,抽取卡片,卡片上印有话题和提示。考生有1分钟时间准备,然后针对话题进行1到2分钟的观点阐述;

第三部分,考官就第二部分所提及的话题与考生进行更深入的双向讨论,或者考官就其他话题与考生进行双向讨论。
 
 
第一部分

雅思口语考试第一部分通常为三个熟悉领域的话题。第一个话题可能是学习、工作、居住地。后两个话题通常会涉及旅游、家庭、朋友、音乐、交通、运动等。你可以用自己的亲身经历作答,答案没有对错。
 
每个方面,都为你准备了常问的问题,准备时可以反复拿这些问题来问自己。

热身问答

Could you show me your identification card please?
Could you tell me your full name please?
What shall I call you?
Does your name have any special meaning?
Why do so many people change their names?
Is your name important to you?

家乡或出生地

Where do you come from?
Where do you live?
Can you tell me something about your hometown?
Can you tell me some famous landscapes or scenic spots in your hometown?
Can you tell me some history of your hometown?

个人背景信息

Are you a student or do you have a job?
What do you like most about your study?
What kind of job do you prefer after graduation?
What is your major?
What do you do for living?
Could you tell me a typical day of yours?
How do you get your job?
Are you satisfied with your job?
What do you like most about your job?
What kind of job do you prefer in the future?

兴趣爱好

What do you usually do in your spare time?
Do you prefer to stay alone or with your friends?
What do you usually do on weekends and weekdays?
What do you usually do when you go out?
What do you usually do with your friends?
Do you like reading?
What kind of books do you like best?
Do you like English? Why or why not?
What do you think of the importance of English?
What are good hobbies and bad hobbies? Why?

未来规划

Why do you take the IELTS test?
What are you planning to do in the next five years?
What are you planning to do in the next ten years?
What is the first thing you will do when you arrive at the new place?

旅游

Do you like traveling?
Do you like travel alone or with your friends?
Have you traveled to other places? Where are they?
What do you usually do when you first arrive in a new place?
What are the benefits of traveling?
Why do so many people like traveling nowadays?
Do you think it's true that travel broadens the mind?
Do young people and older people benefit differently from travelling?
How can you make sure you get the most from your travels?

家庭

Tell me something about your family.
What do you like doing most with your family?
Who are you close to in your family?
In what way is your family important to you?
In what ways have families changed in the last hundred years?
Should we rely heavily on our families or is it better to try to be independent?

朋友

Do you have many friends? Are they casual acquaintances or close friends?
Do you prefer to stay with your family or with your friends?
Do you prefer one or two close friends or many friends?
Can you talk about your best friend?
How to make friends?
What do you usually do with your friends?
Is the time you spend with your friends as much as that you spend with your family?
What do you expect from a good friend?
Are friends as important to you as family?
Do you think friendships change as we get older? How?

音乐

Do you like music?
What are the benefits of listening to music?
What kind of music do you like best?
Why do you like this kind of music?
What is your favorite musical instrument?

交通

Can you say something about the transportation in your hometown?
What is the common means of transport in your country?
Do traffic jams often occur in your hometown or in the city where you live?
How to solve the problem?
What changes in transportation have taken place in the past several years in your country?

运动

Are you good at sport?
What sports do you play?
What is the most popular sport in your country?
What do you do to keep fit?
What are the best ways to keep fit?
Do you think most people consider exercise a chore or do they find it fun?
What is the most popular form of exercise in your country?
 
 
第二部分 & 第三部分
 
雅思口语第二部分是话题卡,该部分主要测试考生针对话题展开讨论的能力,发散思维的能力,组织思路的能力,以及语法与词汇功底。
 
大体流程如下:

考官给考生发任务卡,卡片上会有一个主题和几点提示;

考官讲解要求,围绕话题展开讨论,发言需包括卡片上的几点,话题和考生个人经历有关等;

考生会拿到一支铅笔和稿纸,用于做笔记,考生用1分钟时间准备(笔记写在稿纸上,不要写在任务卡上);

考生开始阐述观点,时间为1-2分钟,此时考生可以参阅准备时所做的笔记;

考官针对刚才的阐述,提出若干问题,考官的问题有时也会稍微偏离主题。
 
献上20个常见话题、提示、以及考官后续可能问到的问题:

1. Describe a museum

提示:
How often do you visit the museum?
Which type of museum is popular in your country?
Why do you want to visit the museum?

考官问题:

What do you think of the importance of museums in history?
How do you think of the heritage of a country?
Compare the museums nowadays and in the past
 

Describe your favorite photograph

提示:

Where was the photo taken?
Who took the photo?
What can be seen from the photo?
Explain why it is the favorite photograph for you.

考官问题:

How to take good photo?
When do people use camera?
How can the new technology put cinema’s skill advanced?
 

Describe an area of your country you know and like

提示:

Where is it?
What are its special features?
What do you and other people do in this area?
Explain why you like it.

考官问题:

What do you think of the historic place in the future?
Will the government increase or decrease the safety guard?
What are the changes to the local people and economy?
What is the impact on the historic place by tourists?
 

Describe a party

提示:

What is the party?
Why was the party held?
Who attended the party?
What did you do for that party?

考官问题:

What’s the difference between serious party and friendly party?
Why are some people late for parties intentionally?
Why do some people like party while others hate it?
What would you do if the guests feel bored?
Will there be more and more people to attend parties?
 

Talk about a subject you are studying

提示:

What subject are you studying?
What is the subject about?
How do you feel about it?
Explain why you are interested in it.

考官问题:

Is there any difference between the traditional and modern educational systems?
What are the pros and cons of the current educational system in your country?
Do you think it is necessary to give comment or criticism to teachers?
 

What is the important invention before the age of computer?

提示:

What is the invention?
Why do you think it is very important?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the invention?

考官问题:

What is the significant impact of modern inventions on life?
Which skills do you want to study in the future?
Do you think it’s necessary to develop modern invention in the countryside?
 

Describe an interesting city you know and like

提示:

Where is it?
How did you go there?
What did you do there?
Explain why you found it so interesting.

考官问题:

Say something about the tourism development in your country, facility, services and the effect on environment.
What is the importance of travel and tourism industry?
What do you think the function of tourist guides?
 

Describe your favorite movie

提示:

What’s the name of the film?
What’s the theme of the film?
Why do you like it?

考官问题:

Describe a type pf movie you like.
What’s the difference between Chinese and American movies?
What do you think of the violent films (Hollywood films)?
Why movies need computer techniques? Any example of movie using computer techniques?
Which parts of cinema are the most important and how to improve it?
 

Describe a newspaper or magazine you enjoy reading

提示:

Which newspaper or magazine do you read the most regularly?
Which parts of it do you like?
When and where do you read it?
Explain why you enjoy reading it.

考官问题:

What do you think the important qualities for a news reporter?
What’s the function of a report to the society?
What kinds of books/newspapers/magazines do Chinese adolescents read?
With the popularity of Internet, do you think newspapers and magazines will disappear?
 

Describe a childrens game (sports not suggested)

提示:

How is it played?
What can you learn from the game?
What impact does it bring on your growth?

考官问题:

What do you think of the benefits of children’s games?
Nowadays children have less and less time for game, what do you think about it?
What do you think the difference between games nowadays and in the past?
What’s the negative aspect of games?
 

Describe a special occasion in your life

提示:

Where did it take place?
When did it take place?
Who was there?
Explain your feelings on this occasion.

考官问题:

Tell me how you organize your study time.
What do you think is important in achieving happiness?
How do Chinese celebrate some happy events?
What do the camera and video play in celebrating?
 

Describe something you own which is very important to you

提示:

Who gave it to you?
What is it?
What does it mean to you?

考官问题:

What are the changes of city between now and past?
Does money represent happiness and why?
How do you regard as the things people want to earn?
 

Describe one of your neighbours

提示:

When did you become neighbours?
Do you often meet?
State whether your neighbour is a good one.

考官问题:

What is the difference between neighbours and friends?
Why do people like to watch TV serials in their houses?
How do you think of the relationship in the city?
How to improve the neighbourhood?
 

Describe one of the shopping centers you often go to

提示:

Where is the shopping center?
How often do you go to the center?
Why do you often go to it and its characteristics?

考官问题:

Will smaller shops survive in the current business system?
What are the characteristics of shopping malls and smaller shops and their difference?
What is the trend of future shopping centers?
Talk about online shopping.
 

Describe your favorite animal

提示:

What kind of animal is it?
Describe it briefly.
Why do you like the animal?

考官问题:

What do you need to do to take care of it?
What’s the future trend of the animal?
How do you think of the poaching of some precious animals such as pandas?
 

Describe a historical place

提示:

What is the place?
Where is it located?
What is the historical meaning of the place?

考官问题:

What do you think of the future trend of historic places?
Will government strengthen its protection toward historic places?
What are the changes brought about by the historic place in local economy, people, etc?
What is the effect of tourists on the place?
 

Advertisement

提示:

What are the forms of advertisement?
What are the functions of advertisement?
What is the effect of advertisement to people?

考官问题:

Do you feel bored and disgusted about advertisement?
What do you think are the criteria of assessing a good piece of advertisement?
What will happen if unauthoritative advertisements prevail in the market?
 

Describe an important letter

提示:

When did you receive the letter?
From whom did you receive the letter?
Explain the reasons why it is important.

考官问题:

What is the significance of handwriting?
Does your country have handwriting lesson now?
Compare the handwriting now and past.
With the popularity of computers and Internet, will people lose their ability to write letters?
 

Describe the best present you have received

提示:

Who sent it to you?
When did you receive it?
Detailed information about the present.

考官问题:

Do you think that present giving will play an important role in Chinese daily life? Why?
Do you think that the brand name is very important for sales?
In terms of the media, which do you think will play a main role in present giving, television, newspaper or Internet?
 

Describe your holidays

提示:

Where do you go for the holidays and how long do them last?
Who do you go with?
Talk about any interesting things happening during your holidays.

考官问题:

What do the Chinese people mostly do in their leisure time?
What's the difference between holidays today and 5 years ago and the reasons for the change?
Do you think people will spend more time on leisure or working in the future?
 
 
下面来给大家分类,话题涉及的范围通常为1)描述物体;2)描述人物;3)描述地点;4)描述媒体;5)描述节日;6)其他话题。
 
每一类献上一个例子~
 

1)描述物体篇:

Describe a piece of equipment you often use at home or at work.

你可以包括的内容:

What it is
What you do with it/ How to use it
How long you have had it
How important it is to you

讨论时可能涉及的问题:

What are the impacts of electrical equipment on human’s life in the past ten years?
What are the differences of the life in the past and at the present?
What role does technological development play in people’s life?
How will technology develop in the future?
Do you have a mobile phone? What are its advantages?
Why do many foreign countries develop faster than China?
Why does the China’s West develop faster than China’s East?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of computer and internet?
 
2)描述人物篇(名人、亲人、朋友、工作伙伴等):

Describe a friend in your school time you like most.

你可以包括的内容:

Who he/she is
When did you became friends?
Why do you like him/her or why do you think that he/she is important to you?
How he/she influences you

讨论时可能涉及的问题:

What are the differences between adults and children in terms of making friends?
Can adults make friends with children?
What do you think are the most important factors when making friends?
What are the possible factors that cause the break-up of friendship?
Why is it difficult for adults to make friends?
What will the friendship become like when getting old?
 

3)描述地点篇:

Describe an interesting building.

你可以包括的内容:

Where it is located
What it looks like
What services are provided
How you like it

讨论时可能涉及的问题:

What role do old buildings and new buildings play in modern society?
What changes have taken place in architecture in the past two decades?
Do you think it necessary to protect old buildings?
 
4)描述媒体与媒介篇(书、电视节目、电影、信件、音乐等):

Describe a kind of book you like.

你可以包括的内容:

What kind of books you like most
What they are about
Why you like them most
What effect have books brought on you?

讨论时可能涉及的问题:

What is the difference between men and women when choosing what to read?
What kind books do children like? Why do they like reading?
What is the difference between reading and watching TV?
What is the relationship between reading and computer?
What are the advantages of reading books?
Why do children like pictorials?
What books are popular in China?

 

描述节日篇:

Describe a traditional festival in China.

你可以包括的内容:

What it is
When is it celebrated?
How to celebrate? / what you usually do on that day
What you like and what you don’t like

讨论时可能涉及的问题:

What is the concept of holiday in China?
Why is holiday so important to modern people?
Do you think it is necessary to observe the traditional customs?
What changes in terms of spending festivals and holidays have taken place in the past decade?
What is the difference as regards celebration in different part of the country?

 

6)其他类别(热点问题、学习或工作方法、事件、技能等):

Describe an environmental problem.

你可以包括的内容:

What it is
How long it has existed
What effect it has brought to people’s life
What we can do to solve it

讨论时可能涉及的问题:

What causes environmental problems?
What should the government do to protect the environment?
What should we do to protect the environment?
What other measures can you think of to protect the environment?
How should we educate children to protect environment?
What’s the difference between the old and the young as regards environmental protection?
 
在第二部分和第三部分,要尽可能多组织一些素材,回答问题时第一句话直接给出对方问题的答案,然后再分条列点来证明自己的观点。你的答案应该有合理的理由来支撑,千万不要干瘪地给出你的观点。

来两个具体例子,让同学们切实感受一下从哪些方面组织语言和答案。

 

案例1:Describe the best present/gift you have received:

提示:

Who send it? What is the gift? What is it for?
When did you receive it?
Detail information about the present.

2-3分钟阐述:

Last year, my wife celebrated my birthday at home. She bought an electronic dictionary as birthday gift. I like the electronic dictionary very much. It's blue and quite small. It fits into my pocket. I remember at that time, my wife said to me: "she decided to immigrate to Canada with me. In future, we must study very hard. And she hoped that the electronic dictionary could help me to improve my English."On that day, I was very happy because my wife agreed to immigrate to Canada finally. Also, with the help of the electronic dictionary, I made such rapid progress that before long I began to write articles in English.

问答环节:

1) In China, when will people send the present?
Oh, attend the party, such as Wedding Party, Birthday Party. During Spring Festival, people give presents each other, including clothes, books, flowers and foods.

2) Compare the gift which people have received 10 years ago to the present that people now are receiving, what's the difference between them?
(try to compare the gift you received in your teenage with the gift children received now)
Oh, I think the gift was monotonic before. For example, I often received a notebook as gift. But now, there are various gifts to choose from. Such as flowers, wine, food, clothes etc.

3) Just image the gift in the future children will receive.
In the future, I think more and more children will receive intellectual gifts, such as electronic dictionary, notebook computer and so on.

4) Just image the gift in the future people will receive.
In the future, oh, in most case, people will give flowers each other. I think flowers will be the most popular present.
 

案例2,Tell me the most interesting building in your country.

提示:

What is the interesting building in your country?
Where is it located?
What is it used for?
Explain why you think it is the most interesting?

2-3分钟阐述:

I think the interesting building is the Great Wall. It runs across north China like a huge dragon. It was used to enemies. Soldiers used to keep watch on the Great Wall. When the enemy came, fires were lit to warn other soldiers. I think the Great Wall is the most interesting building. Because it is one of the wonders of the world and it was one of the few man-made objects on earth that could be seen by the astronauts who landed on the moon. Also, the Great Wall has become a symbol of both China's proud history and its present strength.

问答环节:

1) Are there some old buildings in your hometown? Where and Describe it?
Wenfeng Tower, built in 1420, is located in the southern of Anyang City.
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, people came to the tower to worship the God of Heaven and pray for a good harvest. Nowadays, it serves as a museum of history. Murals of Wenfeng Tower give visitors a feel for the great artistic achievements of ancient Chinese civilization. In a word, I think the Wenfeng Tower is the most interesting building, and it is the oldest building in my hometown.

2) Compare the differences between the constructions in your city with them in 20 years ago? Describe the building styles in detail?
The traditional buildings are made of the red brick and always have curved eaves. Thousands of buildings look the same. But now, various buildings with different colors and styles have been going up in my hometown. In addition, room is equipped with kitchen and bathroom. This is very convenient. 

3) What are people's attitudes to old building today and that of our later generation? Should we protect them? Why?
People, including our later generation, advocate that government should protect old buildings .Because old buildings represent the great artistic achievements of ancient Chinese civilization. 

4) What role do you think the old and modern buildings play in the society?
Oh, modern buildings are for us to live and work, while old buildings are for us to visit and research.

5) Compare the differences between house and apartment? 
In China, there is a big yard beside house, where we can plant some flowers and trees etc. But house is more expensive. Apartment is convenient and cheap but small.
 

案例3,Describe a natural scenery

提示:

What is the most beautiful natural scenery you have ever seen?
What is the specific point?
Where did you see it?
Who did you go with?

2-3分钟阐述:

Last year, I went to Shilin with my wife. Shilin, located about 80 kilometers from Kunming. Kunming is the capital city of Yunnan Province. It took us 3 days to get there. Shilin is famous for its large areas of stone forests. All stones in Shilin are vividly shaped, resembling various figures. Some stones look like a monkey, and some stones look like a bird. In a word, the stones are fantastic. Also, there is a lake in Shilin. Surrounded by green mountains and forests, the lake is not destroyed by any pollution. Travellers can row a boat on the lake or stroll on the shores to enjoy its special quiet beauty.
问答环节:

1) What measures does your government take to protect natural scenery?
The government establishes protective zones of natural scenery. Educate people to protect natural environment. People who destroy natural scenery will be punished.

2) Do you think it is effective? 
Yes, of course. Establish protective zones can prevent pollution.

3) What role does tourism play in your country's economy?
Tourism is playing a more and more important role in our country's economy. Since the opening up, the number of tourists has increased quickly, and this is a useful source of foreign currency for the country. Also, tourism can accelerate other industry to develop.

4) What should you pay attention to in travel? 
Safety, weather, and I think it is necessary to bring some medicine.


案例4,Describe an interest or hobby that you particularly enjoy

提示:

What this interest or hobby is?
How long have you been doing it?
What effect has it brought to your life?

2-3分钟阐述:
I am a big table tennis fan, even though I am not very good at playing table tennis myself. I love to watch the game on TV. I have played table tennis whenever I get a chance since I studied in the middle school. Playing table tennis not only refreshes my body and makes me mentally alert, and ready and eager to engage in the work of the day. In addition, a reasonable amount of exercise prepares the body for a good night's sleep. However, over-indulgence in physical exercise can do more harm than good. Because it will make you too tired to stay awake during the work.

问答环节:

1) Is it dangerous for people to spend too much time on hobby?
Yes, over-indulgence in physical exercise can do more harm than good. I have noticed that some of my friends spend too much time on sports make themselves too tired to stay awake during the work.

2) Do you think hobby is beneficial to social life?
Yes, of course. I make many friends during playing table tennis. So, I think that hobby is beneficial the social life.

3) Why do people like to watch games?
Oh, it is an interesting question. Watching games can enrich our leisure life. Also, it is very exciting to watch a close game.

4) What are the advantages and disadvantages for watching games?
Watching games can enrich our leisure life. Also, it is very exciting to watch a close game. But over-indulgence in watching games can affect our rest.

5) What is the difference between watching games and playing games/sports?
Watching games can enrich our leisure life. Also, it is very exciting to watch a close game. Take part in sports can build our bodies and keep us healthy. But, over-indulgence in watching games or in physical exercise can affect our rest.

6) Do you think which sports demand enough courage?
Oh, I think it is boxing. It is very dangerous and it can do harm to health
of athlete.

7) What are the sporting facilities like in your hometown?
Anyang City has a lot of modern indoor facilities offering bowling, table tennis, swimming etc. But, it's too expensive for most Chinese, and you have to belong to the club in order to use the facilities.





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